Mridangam is a South Indian version of the pakhawaj. It bears a strong superficial resemblance to pakhawaj but there are major differences in construction and technique. The tone of the instrument is quite different. This is due in part to the heavier annular membrane around the right side, and a number of pieces of straw which are placed radially between the annular membrane and the main membrane. Like the pakhawaj, the left side also uses a mixture of flour and water to provide a proper tone. The sustain of this side is substantially less due to a large-double annular membrane rather than a small single layer as found on the pakhawaj.
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