Bin (Rudra Vina)
The Bin, which is the Vina of the North Indian music is the oldest of indigenious instruments, is still used in classical music. The instrument is first depicted in the 6th Century A.D., however there are references in texts to a bottle-gourd Vina, back as far as 500 B.C.. This instrument has dominated Indian music nearly 2000 years.
The present day Bin, which crystallized in the 16th-18th centuries, features a hollow wooden tube to which are attached 24 high frets. There are two large gourd screwed into the back of the tube, which act as resonators. Most Bin have 7 or 8 strings 4 which are fretted and 3 or 4 strings which are used as open drones. Typically the Bin is 5 to 8 tones lower than its younger sister the Sitar.
The Bin was extremely important in Indian musical society in the past. Despite its significance, the Bin is played by few in India today, due its rather quiet tone, and difficult technique.
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